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Cancers in Men

Category: Health Information

The cancers that affect men are prostate, testicular, bowel, skin and lung.

Prostate Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate, a gland only found in men that sits below the bladder. It commonly occurs in older men but this form of cancer is the second most common cancer they are facing and the most common in WA men.

Symptoms may include:

  • Weak or hesitant stream when urinating.
  • Delay in starting to urinate.
  • Increase in frequency, especially at night.
  • Dribbling at the end of voiding.
  • Incontinence.

Testicular Cancer is cancer of the testicles and mainly affects younger men (aged 18-39). Sometimes, no symptoms will be present but the most common symptom is a painless swelling or lump in a testicle.

  • Feeling of heaviness / unevenness in the scrotum.
  • Changes in the shape or size of the testicles.
  • Achiness or pain in the testicles, scrotum or lower abdomen.
  • Breast tissue tenderness or changes (related to cancer hormones).

Less common symptoms may include:

Bowel Cancer also known as colorectal cancer, develops from the inner lining of the bowel. An early detection of growths called polyps, can often prevent this from becoming an invasive cancer. From age 50 both men and women should be having a 2 yearly bowel cancer screen using a Home Bowel Screening Test kit. These are available from your regular GP, from us or your local pharmacy.

Symptoms may include:

  • Changes in bowel habits.
  • Thin bowel movements.
  • Blood in stools.
  • Abdominal bloating or cramping.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Unexplained anaemia.

Skin Cancer accounts for 80% of all newly diagnosed cancers in Australia. It occurs when skin cells are damaged for example by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. There are 3 main types of skin cancer: Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma and Melanoma – the most dangerous from of skin cancer.

Symptoms may include:

  • Crusty, non healing sores.
  • Small lumps that are red, pale or pearly in colour.
  • New spots, freckles or moles that are changing in colour, thickness or shape over a period of weeks to months (especially spots that are brown to black, red or blue black in colour).

Everyone should be having regular skin checks. Skin protection is extremely important especially as summer is soon approaching.

Lung Cancer accounts for 1 in 5 cancer deaths in Australia and cigarette smoking is the leading cause. Unfortunately, some people are diagnosed with this type of cancer and have never smoked. Occupational exposures to asbestos, radon, hydrocarbons and some metals are also associated with lung cancer.

Symptoms May include: (specific to the lung)

  • Shortness of breath and wheezing.
  • Chest pain.
  • Cough which may produce blood stained sputum.

Symptoms may also include: (general)

  • Weight loss.
  • Lethargy.
  • Loss of appetite.

Information sourced from